What are your views on budget 2021-22?
It is a growth-oriented budget focusing on investment and capacity creation. The focus on infrastructure spending on railways, roads, etc will increase consumption of capital goods and will have trickle-down effect on machine tools sector as well. It is good for the economy and, in particular manufacturing, as the budget stresses on the need for Make in India or Aatmanirbhar Bharat.
Perhaps for the first time, the budget emphasises on innovation, design and technology that will lead to improvement in product quality and add depth to the competitiveness of the Indian manufacturing sector. Effects of these initiatives will be clearly visible on not just domestic market but also on exports.
After a washout year of 2020, due to the COVID 19 pandemic, are you seeing the sector
limping back to normalcy? How soon can we reach the pre-COVID growth rates?
2018-19 was the best year for Indian machine tools industry in terms of performance with machine tools production reaching Rs 9,600 crores. A year later (2019-20), the machine tools industry growth took a hit with auto industry in a disarray due to a variety of reasons. When the things were looking up in the last quarter of 2019-20, COVID 19 pandemic struck the market. In 2019-20, the overall production was approximately Rs 6,200 crore.
In the first quarter of 2020-21, the production was down by almost 70 per cent compared to previous year due to lockdown and other related issues. Though we did manage to make a comeback in the second quarter of 2020-21, the production was still down by 30 per cent.
Demand is picking up pretty good now and we expect to reach the pre-Covid level in the
early part of the next financial year (ie middle of calendar year 2021).
With an aim to increase the manufacturing sector’s contribution to GDP from 16-17% to 25%, the government has launched many initiatives including Make in India and now Aatmanirbhar Bharat. Are the effects of these initiatives visible on the ground? To see the combine effect of Make in India and Aatmanirbhar Bharat schemes, we have to wait to see the traction it receives and result on the ground. However, every industry is keenly working on value-addition, technology development and IP creation. More important is to give confidence to the industry that we could develop high-quality products, like developed countries, by adding more depth in the manufacturing sector. While the work has begun, these schemes will yield result in the medium to long term.
There are lots of opportunities for sectors to work with each other. For example, capital goods maker can work with its user industries to create products that are required in the market. Co-creation can be beneficial to all the stakeholders. Make in India and Aatmanirbhar Bharat will led to these types of fundamental shift in the product development process.
Should machine tools industry also come under Production Linked Incentive (PLI)
scheme? Your comments...
Machine tools is not about volume. But the industry plays a big role in the development of the manufacturing sector. Machine tools may not qualify for PLI scheme, but I definitely see a scope for support mechanism similar to PLI scheme to enhance capability for adding more value and helping increase production in the country. Sectors like electronics are investing heavily to reduce India’s import dependence. We certainly have great scope to manufacture high-quality products and solutions in the country itself to meet the needs of these emerging sectors.
Which end-user sectors are driving the demand for machine tools?
Automotive and auto components industry accounts for more than 50 per cent demand of the machine tools in the country. Going forward other sectors like railways, electronics, food & agriculture machinery, etc will contribute more and more to the growth of machine tools industry in the country. However, traditional user industries like auto, defence, construction equipment, capital equipment, etc will remain large volume players. Going forward, there will be more demand for machine tools with added capability to handle complex contours and higher level of accuracies. Along with this, Industry 4.0 will play a crucial role in the development of the industry.
Is demand for more automated features in machine tools growing from customers?
Covid has thought us to look at technologies from many angles. Adoption of Industry 4.0 is increasing in the manufacturing sector and machine tools industry will definitely get affected by that. All machine tool makers see automation and Industry 4.0 as focus areas for development. Usage of 3D printing (additive manufacturing) is also growing. With a lot of these technologies converging, the manufacturing solution given by machine tools industry will combine many of these new-age technologies to meet the emerging needs of the customers. Many aspects of manufacturing like raw material sourcing, process monitoring, production shopfloor, inspections, etc will get impacted by Industry 4.0 and machine tools industry is gearing up to meet those challenges.
What will the effect of additive manufacturing on the machine tools industry?
Additive manufacturing (AM) will play a role in some area, but there will not a head-on collusion with machine tools industry. Additive manufacturing will be complementing the machine tools industry. AM will be useful in the production of parts with complex geometry in quick time, which may not be possible with traditional manufacturing solutions. But 3D printing has its own limitations. The manufacturing industry will see a combination of conventional processes and new technologies (like AM) for enhancing productivity and efficiency across production value chain.
Given the prevailing market conditions, how is IMTMA gearing up to host the next
edition of IMTEX?
With Covid vaccine now available and improvement in the market conditions, the industry is looking forward to the hosting of IMTEX 2021. India will have highest growth rate in terms of GDP in 2021-22. Already a lot of end-user sectors are showing robust demand and this trend is expected to continue in 2021. Covid vaccination has gained momentum which is giving confidence to the general public s well as industry players.
Another aspect to look at is travel. Travel within the country should not be a problem, but travel policies for visitors from other countries have to be kept an eye on as the situation keeps on changing every day.
By June 2021, when the IMTEX is scheduled, we expect a sense of normalcy to return with buoyancy returning to the market. At this stage, we feel things are going in the favour of IMTEX and we hope to have a highly productive and engaging IMTEX 2021.
Any message to the industry....
We had a huge challenge last year. We are confident to come out of it very soon. There will be more opportunities coming our way as India grows at faster rate than previous years. India will touch $ 5 trillion mark by the middle of this decade, with manufacturing accounting for $ 1 trillion. Actually, the country has the potential to go beyond this. By the end of 2031-32, we can double the GDP and manufacturing sector can grow to $ 2 trillion, which will be a tremendous achievement. By creating intellectual property and increasing the manufacturing depth in key industry sectors, India can create new employment opportunities leading to prosperity.
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