Indian auto component industry de-grows 11.7% in FY 2019-20, clocks Rs 3.49 lakh crore
According to ACMA, sales to OEMs declined 17 per cent, imports by 11.4 per cent and exports by 3.2 per cent. On the other hand, auto component aftermarket at Rs 69,381 crore ($ 9.8 billion) remained stable. Industry cautiously optimistic as green shoots emerge
Commenting on the performance of the auto component industry in India, Vinnie Mehta, Director General, ACMA, said, “The overall vehicle industry witnessed a severe downturn in 2019-20 that saw its sales slump by 18 per cent. The component industry, in tandem, posted a subdued performance with de-growth of 11.7 per cent over the year, registering a turnover of Rs 3.49 lakh crore ($ 49.2 billion). Auto component aftermarket at Rs 69,381 crore ($ 9.8 billion) remained stable while sales to OEMs in the domestic market at Rs 2.87 lakh crore ($ 40.5 billion) declined 17 per cent. Both imports and exports declined by 11.4 per cent and 3.2 per cent respectively; Imports stood at Rs 1.09 lakh crore ($ 15.4 billion), while exports at Rs 1.02 lakh crore ($ 14.5 billion).”
Deepak Jain, President, ACMA, added, “The automotive industry faced a prolonged slowdown in FY 2019-20 with vehicle sales in all segments plummeting significantly. Subdued vehicle demand, investments made for transition from BS IV to BS VI, liquidity crunch, lack of a clarity on policy for electrification of vehicles and slow-down in key export markets, among others, had an adverse impact on the performance of the components sector in India as also on its expansion plans.”
Speaking about the current situation, Jain elaborated, “The auto component industry has displayed remarkable resilience in wake of the lockdown; the industry faced acute challenges on the front of working capital, production and dysfunctional logistics. However, with unlocking of economy, growth seems to be returning to the industry with uptick in vehicle consumption especially in the two-wheelers, passenger vehicles and the tractor segments, although sales of commercial vehicles continue to be challenged. The component industry’s performance is expected to return to pre-COVID levels by the festive season should the ramp-up be not stymied by lockdowns in manufacturing zones and lack of availability of manpower. Going forward, to allow for uninterrupted production in the automotive value chain, despite local lockdowns, ACMA has recommended to the Government to accord ‘continuous production industry’ status to the automotive industry.”
According to Deepak Jain, the long-term prospects of the Indian auto component industry continue to be bright, especially with focus of the Government on ‘Atma-nirbharta’ and global competitiveness of the industry. The auto component industry and the vehicle industry are closely working together for ‘deep-localisation’ and import substitution, which will result in higher value-addition by the auto component manufacturers making the sector exports competitive,” Jain added.
ACMA continues to support the vehicle industry in their request to the government for enhancing vehicle demand in the country through reduction in GST on all vehicle categories to 18 per cent and introduction of an incentive based scrappage policy
For the components sector, ACMA continues to recommend a uniform 18 per cent GST rate across the auto component sector; currently 60 per cent of the auto components attract 18 per cent GST rate, while the rest 40 per cent, majority of which are two-wheelers and tractor components, attract 28 per cent. The latter high rate has led to flourishing grey operations in the aftermarket. A benign rate of 18 per cent will not only ensure better compliance but will also ensure a larger tax base.
Some of the key findings of the ACMA Annual Industry Performance Review for 2019-20 are:
- Exports: Exports of auto components witnessed degrowth of 3.2 per cent to Rs 1.02 lakh crore ($ 14.5 billion) in 2019-20 from Rs 1.06 lakh crore ($ 15.2 billion) in 2018-19. Europe accounting for 30 per cent of exports, saw a decline of 11 percent, while North America and Asia, accounting for 30 per cent and 27 per cent respectively remained stable. The key export items included drive transmission & steering, engine components, Body/Chasis, Suspension & Braking etc.
- Imports: Slowdown in the domestic market also reflected on imports of component into India. Component imports fell by 11.4 per cent to Rs 1.09 lakh crore ($ 15.4 billion) in 2019-20 from Rs 1.23 lakh crore ($ 17.7 billion) in 2018-19. Asia accounted for 65 per cent of imports followed by Europe and North America at 26 per cent and 8 per cent respectively. Imports from Asia declined by 7 per cent, while those from Europe by 22 per cent and from North America by 17 per cent.
- Aftermarket: The aftermarket in FY 2019-20 remained stable despite a downturn in the vehicle industry. The turnover of the aftermarket stood at Rs 69.381 crore ($ 9.8 billion) growing marginally by 2.8 per cent over the previous year.