In a bid to implement new concepts in an easy and cost-effective way, motion plastics specialist igus, has presented a new modular gearbox kit for cobots at the Hannover Trade Show. The fully integrated tribo strain wave gear with motor, absolute-value encoder, force control system and controller is the main component of this kit. The potential for service robotics is enormous. It finds applications in areas such as kitchens and bars, in the area of nursing, or in agriculture and logistics, lightweight robots facilitate the automation of monotonous or non-ergonomic tasks.
Stefan Niermann, who is responsible for Low Cost Automation in the extended igus management structure, believes, "With our low cost automation solutions, we enable design engineers to cost-effectively take part in the future of service robotics."
"This opens up space for new ideas in the area of automation: robots that can dispense coffee in retail shops or clear out the dishwasher at home. Cobots, that can be used in the area of nursing as well as in industry – and everything made in Germany," adds Niermann.
The gearboxes play a significant role in this context as they are the heart of any modern robot. For this reason, motion plastics specialist igus introduced a new generation of tribo strain wave gearboxes for movement on the 5th robot axis last year. Friction and wear are optimised by means of lubrication-free tribo-polymers. The use of plastics enables an extremely compact design and cost-effective production. The drygear strain wave gear can be used along the last axis of an articulated arm, linear robot or delta robot, for example, in front of different gripper systems. The new modular gearbox kit for cobots that the igus recently showcased at the Hannover Trade Show 2021, supplements the wide range of igus products in the area of low cost automation. This plug & play solution facilitates the speedy implementation of exciting cobot ideas, without any thought being given to the power electronics.
Integrated strain wave gear for low cost cobot applications
The modular gearbox kit in sizes 80 and 105 consists of tribo strain wave gear with integrated motor controller, force control electronics, absolute-value encoder and motor. In the gearbox, a tribo wave generator and a tribo flex ring with external teeth, as well as a brushless DC motor with external rotor are used.
On the basis of the gearbox, an individual robot can also be designed as a cobot with the help of joining links, with the additional electronic components. "For our lightweight strain wave gears, we see market opportunities in robots whose total weight is less than 8 kg," clarifies Alexander Mühlens, Head-Low Cost Automation, igus.
"This is because, where robotics in Low Cost Automation is concerned, the self weight is always important and not only the payload and a low price. Lightweight robots are easier to transport and can be used more efficiently on driverless transport systems, on 7th robot axes or, in the near future, even on drones," adds Mühlens.
The low weight is also a significant advantage when the systems are used in cobots, as smaller masses mean that lower forces are generated when collisions occur. HRC capabilities are possible thanks to the electronic components in the fully integrated strain wave gear. With the absolute-value encoder technology, forces as well as torque can be determined and safely limited by means of the motor current. For this purpose, igus relies on a double encoder, in which a measurement is carried out in front of and behind the joint to detect forces and torque levels and react accordingly.
Growth in low cost automation products
The new fully integrated strain wave gearboxes will be used this year in the new version of the ReBel, the igus service robot. As a result, this generation of robots will be considerably slimmer and, thanks to the integrated BLDC motors with power electronics, will be more cost-effective. Alexander Mühlens points out, "Our goal is to offer the ReBeL on the market for 2,900 euros even for small order quantities. It should be able to carry 2 kg, have a range of up to 650 mm, as well as a self weight of less than 10 kg and a minimum running time of 2 million cycles."
The cobot gearbox kit supplements the wide portfolio of igus in the area of low cost automation - from gearboxes and a large variety of robot kinematics to the control system. Low cost automation means cost-effective prices for new users and also automating as much as necessary. As as result, the investment pays for itself in just a few months. The new modular gearbox system will also be available on RBTX.com. On the online marketplace, interested parties can put together their robot kinematics with vision, safety or gripper components that matches their requirements and their budget exactly.
The igus promises everything fits together, both on the hardware and software side – in accordance with the igus Build or Buy approach, namely putting together a robot oneself or obtaining a ready-made solution.
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